A daily comb to remove dead hairs and a rub with a chamois leather or silk cloth is all that is required, plus plenty of hand stroking to burnish the coat. The ears and teeth should be checked regularly.
Since the Oriental Shorthair is more susceptible than some breeds to feline illnesses, it is advisable to have the kittens inoculated before they are two months old.
The original Oriental Shorthaired cats came from arranged matings between Siamese for type and other shorthaired cats for colour. Later, Siamese were mated to longhaired Chinchillas to produce Oriental cats with tipped coats and this unusual mating combination opened up the field for all kinds of possibilities in the colour range, including new solid colours caramel, apricot and beige, tipped tabbies, torbies patched tabbies and shaded, tipped and smoke tortoiseshells.In the United Kingdom, the self or solid coloured cats are known as Foreign Shorthairs, although this name is gradually being replaced by Oriental.
Oriental queens are very prolific and can have two litters per year, often of five or six kittens each.
The kittens are born the same colour as the adults from birth unlike the Siamese from which they were originally derived, and whose kittens are paler at birth.